The Baroque Complex in Oradea, Bihor

An area worthy of a visit

Where and how much does it cost?

The Baroque complex in Oradea can be accessed from 2 sides: from Dacia Boulevard, at the intersection with Muzeului Street and Petőfi Sandór Park, and the other is from Șirul Canonicilor Street. Visiting the cathedral, the garden and part of the palace are free.

About the Baroque Complex

The Baroque complex includes the Palace of the Roman Catholic Bishopric or the Baroque Palace, the Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Statue of Saint Laszlo and the Statue of Ferenc Szaniszló, the Park of the Roman Catholic Bishopric and the Magnolia Park and the Row of Canonics.

1. The Row of Canonics

The Row of Canonics can be found on the homonymous street between numbers 7 – 25. The complex of buildings here was built starting in 1751, at the request of Bishop Pál Forgárch, 4 years after the construction of the cathedral and the palace began. The houses built in this sequence over time, initially intended for church leaders, are glued together, and on the side facing the street they are extended with a vaulted corridor supported on equally spaced plinths.

Row of Canonics

Row of Canonics

Row of Canonics

2. The Roman Catholic Cathedral

We head towards the Roman Catholic Cathedral by entering the gate at Strada Şirul Canonicilor 2, where the official address is, and which leads us to the side entrance on the long side of the church. The cathedral is an imposing construction, painted yellow on the outside. The “Assumption of the Virgin Mary” Basilica is the cathedral of the Diocese of Oradea and is the largest baroque architectural monument in Romania. It was built in the 18th century. At the entrance there are several funerary monuments from the 15th – 16th centuries, erected in Gothic and Renaissance style. The fresco of the dome represents the “Heavenly Triumph of Christ”. The altars convey sobriety and are specific to the Baroque style. The main altar is made of Carrara marble in the Renaissance style. The painting in the altar represents “The Ascension of the Mother of God”. The organ was given by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and dates from 1780. In the church are the relics of Saint Ladislaus and the tomb of King Stephen II of Hungary.

Roman Catholic cathedral

inside the basilica

interior of the church

in the basilica

marble altar

fresco from the church

Basilica "Assumption of the Virgin Mary"

3. Statue of Saint Laszlo and Statue of Ferenc Szaniszló

In front of the basilica and the episcopal palace are two remarkable statues: the bronze statue of Bishop Szaniszló Ferenc, leader of the Roman Catholic Church in the 19th century, and the statue of Saint Laszló Kiraly.

statue of King Ladislaus

statue of Saint Laszló Kiraly

statue of Szaniszló Ferenc

4. The Palace of the Roman Catholic Bishopric or the Baroque Palace

The Roman Catholic Episcopal Palace was built in the middle of the 18th century by the Austrian architect Franz Anton Hillebrandt in the Baroque style at the request of Bishop Adam Patachich. Oradea was a popular place of pilgrimage due to the current of humanism and the cult of Saint Ladislaus. In the palace you can visit 9 painted rooms and 2 monumental corridors where the collections of classical ecclesiastical art are exhibited: the Sissi Hall, the Hall of Saint Louis Bertrand, the Renaissance Hall, the Hall of Monumental Paintings, the Great Painted Hall, the Small Painted Hall, the Moses Hall, the Treasury and the Hall Liturgical Textiles. It is also called the palace with 365 windows.

reliquary for the relics of St. Ladislaus

exhibit

Cardinal Schlauch, Bishop of Oradea

coats of arms of Cardinal Schlauch

Court of Honor

Episcopal Palace

5. Roman Catholic Diocese Park and Magnolia Park

A landscaped garden is arranged around the episcopal palace. Part of it is in the Baroque style. The inner courtyard of the bishop’s palace, with steps, inside its U-shape is called the Court of Honor (cour d’honneur). On the other side of the palace, the planted shrubs are arranged in the shape of a lyre, recalling the heyday of classical music.

biblical garden

Garden of the Episcopal Palace

Garden of the Episcopal Palace

palace courtyard

Conclusion

The Baroque complex in Oradea is worth a visit of a few hours both to discover the beauties here and to relax. You can read more information on the link https://www.visitoradea.com/ro/top-10-oradea/complexul-baroc. Other landmarks to visit in Oradea can be found in the guide on the link https://mytravel.express/ghiduri-mte/ghid-turistic-oradea/.

All the best!

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