Black Eagle Palace Oradea, Bihor, Romania

Black Eagle Palace – the emblem of Oradea

Where, when and how much?

The Black Eagle Palace is located at 1 Independence Street. Can be visited at any time and free of charge

About Black Eagle Palace

The Black Eagle Palace is the emblem of Oradea, being the most famous or monumental building in the city. It is built in the Secession architectural style. His story begins with the Eagle Inn located on the site of today’s palace and the project of architectural reorgaanization of the Small Square, as it was called today’s Union Square. The Eagle Inn has been a brewery, hotel and host of many events.

In 1903, the town hall launched a design competition for the reconstruction of the Eagle Hotel. Thirteen projects were submitted, three of which were awarded prizes. The first prize went to Hungarian seccessionists architects Dezső Jakab and Marcell Komor and was rewarded with 1600 kroner. The project has had variants. Later, the city council felt it did not have the finances to implement the project and sold the land and buildings. The Eagle Hotel was bought in 1906 by lawyers and entrepreneurs Ede Kurländer and Emil Adorján. The two then put into practice the winning project from the competition initiated by the city several years ago.

On 19 November 1906, demolition of the old building began and foundation work began in March 1907. Also in 1907 the “Black Eagle and Green Tree Joint Stock Company” (“Fekete Sas és Zöldfa szálloda és Vigadó Részvénytársaság”) was established and registered at the Chamber of Commerce of Oradea in 1907. The directors and main shareholders were Dr. Ede Kurländer and Dr. Emil Adorján, who deposited a capital of 50 000 kroner, divided into 50 shares. Adorján set up the Vesta brick factory and its own bank to avoid the speculation with materials found on the open market. The builder was Ferenc Sztarill. The Black Eagle complex was completed in December 1908 and inaugurated in 1909.

 

1. Architecture of the Black Eagle Palace

The Black Eagle Palace is a corner building. It has a ground floor and 4 floors. The palace consists of 2 buildings between which there is a passage.

The main facade facing Unirii Square is asymmetrical, consisting of two large, unequal bodies that best reveal the Secession style. The facade facing Independentei Street is sober. The symbol of the palace is the stained glass window with the black eagle. It was made in 1909 in the Neumann workshop.

The architecture is rich in floral and zoomorphic decorations.

The Black Eagle has become a multifunctional complex. Here were a hotel, cinemas, a theatre, a photo studio, dozens of shops and a café, coffee shop and a bank.

facade from Independenței

the main facade

floral and zoomorphic decorations

Black Eagle Palace

palace in the evening

2. Black Eagle Passage

The Black Eagle Palace is crossed by the Black Eagle Passage, an interior passage with two galleries that intersect in the shape of a letter T under a glass dome. The passage has exits to Independentei Street, Unirii Square and Vasile Alecsandri Street. The passage itself is also glazed. The Black Eagle Passage was built after the famous Vittorio Emanuele Gallery in Milan.

 

stained glass window with the black eagle

Black Eagle Passage

the passage

Invitation

Visit the Palace and the Black Eagle Passage in Oradea. You can pop into a restaurant for a beer, a coffee or a cake. More information about the Black Eagle Palace can be found at https://www.oradeaheritage.ro/palatul-vulturul-negru/ and a guide to Oradea at https://mytravel.express/ghiduri-mte/ghid-turistic-oradea/.

All the best!

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