Baia Mare tourist guide

An evening walk in Baia Mare

About Baia Mare

Baia Mare is the county seat municipality of Maramureș County. It is located at the foot of the Gutai Mountains, over which it offers a great perspective and is crossed by the Sasar river. If you arrive in the area, I recommend a hike on Creasta Cocosului. The city of Baia Mare is located in the Maramures Depression, in a mining area. The etymology of the city’s name is related to mines, Baia Mare also having the meaning of “bathroom”. In Hungarian it is called Nagybanya, and in German Frauenbach.

Average altitude: 228 meters above sea level

Surface area: approx. 230 square kilometers

Population: ca. 130,000 inhabitants, of which ca. 80% Romanian and 10% Hungarian. From a confessional point of view, ca. 70% are Orthodox, and 5% each Roman Catholic, Reformed, Greek Catholic.

Tourist spots

The main attractions of the city of Baia Mare are the Butchers’ Tower, St. Stephen’s Tower, the Old Center, the Planetarium, the Museum of Mineralogy, the symbol of the city being Stephen’s Tower.

Route Map

(click on objectives for extended version)

1. The Bastion (Tower) of the Butchers

The address is Strada Izvoarelor, no. 2.

Visitable Monday – Friday between 8 am and 4 pm.

In 1469, King Matthias Corvin allowed the city to build defensive walls. The Butchers’ Tower is one of the 7 former defense towers of the city and defended the South Gate. The Butchers Tower was also called the Munitions Tower. The legend of the Butchers’ Tower says that Pintea the Brave was shot from here.

You can read other information on the link https://www.baiamare.ro/ro/Descopera-Baia-Mare/Obiective-turistice-si-atractii/Atractii-turistice/Bastionul-Macelarilor/.

Butchers' Tower

Bastion of the Butchers

2. The Municipal Theatre

The address is Strada Crișan, no. 8.

The Baimarean theater has been active since the 18th century. The Municipal Theater has occupied its current premises only since the 20th century.

The website of the theater is http://teatrulbm.ro/.

Municipal Theatre

Municipal Theatre

3. Saint Stephen’s Tower

It is found in Piata Cetății. It can be visited Monday – Friday between 9 – 16 and Saturday – Sunday between 12 – 14.

Ștefan’s Tower is next to the Butchers’ Bastion the most famous Baimarian tourist landmark. It is part of the ensemble of the “Saint Stephen” Cathedral. It is built in Gothic style and has an imposing height of 40 meters. It had a strategic role. The Cetatii square is arranged around it, offering a wide space for rest and pictures. Stefan’s tower is a bell tower and was built in the 15th century.

You can read other information on the link https://www.baiamare.ro/ro/Descopera-Baia-Mare/Obiective-turistice-si-atractii/Atractii-turistice/Turnul-Stefan/.

Stefan's Tower

Cathedral "St. Stefan"

Stefan's Tower

4. The Old Center

It is in the perimeter defined by Strada Turnului and Piata Libertății.

We enter the Old Center or the Historical Center, a place visited by most tourists. Here you can find, some in ruins, others under renovation: the Iancu de Hunedoara House, the Imperial Mint, the old Vulturul Negru Inn, the Lendvay House, the Puppet Theatre. It is a large space in the form of a square, mainly pedestrian, with several terraces and a statuary group.

In Libertății Square, at no. 18, you can find Casa Iancu de Hunedoara or Casa Elisabeta Szilagyi. The building was started by voivode Iancu (Ioan) de Hunedoara and finished by King Matia Corvin. It is part of a medieval castle, the oldest civil building of the city. Today is ruin.

On an alley that starts from Libertății Square, on the left side, is the Puppet Theater building, old and unremarkable, also degraded, but functional. Its address is Strada Dacia, no. 3.

Historical Centre

Old Town

Historical Centre

Puppet Theater

5. Assumption Cathedral

The address is Strada Vasile Lucaciu, no. 59.

The Greek-Catholic Assumption Cathedral was built in the 20th century. Next to it is the parish of this denomination.

Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God

6. Museum of History and Archaeology

The address is Strada Monetăriei, no. 1-3.

Open: Tuesday – Sunday 10 am – 5 pm

The Museum of History and Archeology is located in the building of the old Mint, built in the 18th century. It presents over 75,000 exhibits – coins, weapons, seals, photographs, mining techniques and about 9,000 volumes of books, some old.

The website of the museum is https://www.muzeubaiamare.ro/.

County Museum of History and Archaeology

Museum of History and Archaeology

7. House of Culture of Trade Unions

The address is Bulevardul Independentei, no. 4.

The House of Culture recalls the time of Ceausescu. Located on the banks of the Sabar, which also looks miserable, even if the bed is (partially) dammed. The House of Culture has a capacity of 700 seats.

You can read other information on the link https://www.baiamare.ro/ro/Descopera-Baia-Mare/Obiective-turistice-si-atractii/Atractii-turistice/Casa-de-cultura/.

After the Culturii Bridge, along Săsar on Independence Boulevard, there are several paved alleys and tracks. We return to the other side of the river to reach…

House of Culture

Bridge of Culture

on the bank of Săsar

8. The Planetarium

The address is Strada George Coșbuc, no. 16.

It can be visited daily between 8 am and 4 pm, except Mondays.

Ticket price: 10 lei

Although you wouldn’t say it from the outside, the Baimărean Planetarium is the most modern optical planetarium in Romania. It is also called the Museum of Astronomical Sciences.

The website of the Planetarium is https://planetariubm.ro/.

 

Museum of Astronomical Sciences

Planetarium

Planetarium

9. Museum of Mineralogy

The address is Bulevardul Traian, no. 8.

It is visited between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., except on Mondays. The last entry can be made at 16:30

Ticket price: 10 lei

It deserves more promotion. I remember him from a previous visit. The Mineralogy Museum is named “Victor Gorduza”. It occupies a presentation area of ​​900 square meters, where more than 1,000 exhibits are exhibited and is the largest regional museum in Europe. Is very interesting.

The website of the museum is http://www.muzeuminbm.ro/nou/wp/.

"Victor Gorduza" Mineralogy Museum

County Museum of Mineralogy

10. Holy Trinity Cathedral

The address is Unirii Boulevard, no. 17.

The Orthodox Cathedral of the Holy Trinity is an imposing building, second in size after the Cathedral of the Nation in the capital. It is surrounded on one side by a small park or better said a green space with alleys. It is a new construction.

The website of the cathedral is http://www.catedralabaiamare.ro/.

Holy Trinity Cathedral

wooden church

Orthodox Cathedral of the Holy Trinity

Conclusions and evaluations

Although the image of the “Visit Baia Mare” brand is familiar to me, I can say that the tourist activity in Baia Mare is below expectations, and the city seems quite sad and grey. Many shops have locks on the doors, and the active ones usually close early. The only somewhat more “alive” area in Baia Mare is the Butchers’ Tower – Stefan’s Tower – the Old Center, but below its potential. Maramureș is one of the counties most sought after by Romanian and foreign tourists. Unfortunately, its “capital” does not live up to the fame of the objectives in the rest of the county.

Steps: